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South Africa & Sudan
South Africa

Breeding

 

The White Stork breeds on the African continent only in countries in North Africa, namely  Marocco, Tunisia and Algeria. It is very surprising that 7.000 km to the south a few storks are found breeding in South Africa. Breeding pairs were found since the 1940s, but only in the Cape Town province,  from the little Karoo to the region of Bredasdorp and Mosselbay. The most important breeding area is situated in the region of Bredasdorp where the birds feed on grasshoppers, beetles, other large insects and snails which they find on Alfalfa and meadows. Up to 4 pairs were found in this area, since 1992 there is only one pair left (data : Jan Hofmeyr). The young storks, like Rembrandt, leave the nest around the middle of December.

 

 

2000/20011

 

 

1 Bredasdorp + 5 Cape Town

 

 1 Jan Hofmeyr, Les Underhill, Wim Van den Bossche, Reiner Herrmann

 

 

 

Migration

 

Storks from eastern and southeastern parts of Europe arrive in South Africa from the end of September, but mainly in the second half of November. These birds spend the European winter in the South African summer. From the middle of January, adult storks start to leave South Africa but the peak of migration is from the end of January till the end of February.

 

Wintering

 

In the African summer, storks from the eastern breeding area stay in South Africa. Birds ringed in Bulgaria, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Yugoslavia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Ukraine, Austria, Poland, Romania, Russia and Czech Republic were recovered in South Africa (data : ADU-Cape Town). Surprisingly there are also a few records of storks ringed in Spain. The majority of the Spanish population is wintering in Iberia or western Africa.

 

More info

 

In December 2000, Les Underhill, René Navarro of the Avian Demography Unit of Cape Town University, Michael Kaatz and Reiner Hermann of Vogelwarte Radolfzell and Wim Van den Bossche of Natuurreservaten vzw, tagged 5 young storks in the Cape Province. Four of them were from nests in the Tygerberg zoo in Cape Town (Tyger, Misty, Saturn, and Leo) and one young was from the ‘wild’ pair in the region of Bredasdorp (Rembrandt).

 

You can follow the migration of the tagged storks on the website of the Avian Demography Unit of the University of Cape Town.

http://www.uct.ac.za/depts/stats/adu/wstork00.htm

 

 

Information on the protection of birds in South Africa.

http://www.birdlife.org.za


Sudan

Breeding

The White Stork is not breeding in Sudan.

Wintering

Sudan is a crucial pre-wintering, wintering and stopover site for the eastern population of the White Stork. Almost all storks that follow the eastern flyway interrupt their migration in Sudan and Chad in the area between 16° and 10° N and 16° and 36° E, where they arrive at the end of August, beginning of September. The storks concentrate in eastern Chad and central and eastern Sudan. In East Sudan many storks stay east of the White Nile in Wad Medani.

More info

Recent and interesting information on Sudan, its climate, agriculture and people is available on the website of the FAO.
http://www.fao.org/giews/english/basedocs/sud/sudmet1e.stm